Introduction

Saturn is the 6th planet from the sun and Titan, one of its moons, is the only moon with any type of a dense environment. Titan is one of Saturn's 31 moons. Scientists have also recently discovered objects that could very possibly be moons. So far, winds, auroras, and magnetic fields have been discovered on Saturn.



Formation of Saturn and Titan

Saturn was formed 4.6 billion years ago from the solar nebula. It is believed that the solar nebula also created the rest of the planets in the solar system. There are 2 theories regarding the formation of Titan, Saturn's largest moon. The first theory suggests that Titan was formed the same way as the other planets, from the solar nova.

The second theory suggests that Titan was formed completely and utterly by accident. The very large moon was created by a collision of gas, dust, and rocks. Some scientists believe that the planet-sized moon could very well contain life.

Rotation and Revolution

The rotations of Saturn and Titan have been widely studied. This is because they are among the hardest to track. Unlike most other planets that rotate together, different parts of Saturn rotate in different directions at different time and speed. The rotation of a certain part depends on whether the section of the planet is facing eastward or westward. The direction determines how the piece rotates on Saturn's axis.

Recently, scientists have discovered a change in the Rotation of Titan. The change in rotation could lead to a huge discovery. Scientists think that the change has shown the possibility of an ocean on Titan.

History of Exploration


Saturn has been studied for over 400 years. It was first observed through a telescope by Italian scientist Galileo. He first observed Saturn in 1610. He found that Saturn had 3 separate bodies. He saw a middle body, which was the actual planet, and thought that he saw 2 separate bodies on the sides of it. Later, scientists found that these were not two separate bodies. Instead, they were rings.

The ring theory was discovered by an astronomer named Christaan Huygens. He studied the planet further in 1675. He was using a telescope much more powerful than Galileo’s. He found that Galileo’s theory that Saturn had 3 bodies was wrong. He discovered that Saturn was surrounded by a thin, flat, ring. Scientists later learned that there were multiple rings around the planet, not just one.

Possibility of Life
There is very little possibility for life on Saturn. Temperatures are very low and scientists say that there are very few planets less suitable for life than Saturn. But, even though Saturn cannot support life, Titan can.

Scientists have recently noticed a significant change in Titan’s rotation. It has been confirmed that this change has been caused by electrical activity, such as lightning. Electrical activity shows that Titan shares certain molecules with earth that make it possible for life to thrive. Along with electrical activity, there are also lakes, oceans, and sand dunes.


Physical Characteristics


Saturn has density only in its lower parts, and its rotation is very different and much faster than other planets. This is what gives Saturn its spherical shape. Saturn is the only planet in our solar system that is less dense than water. Even though the planet’s core is denser than water, the planet as a whole is not. Saturn’s core is rocky, and is surrounded by hydrogen and helium. It is believed that Saturn’s interior is similar to that of Jupiter.

Titan is very different from any of Saturn’s 31 moons. The atmosphere of Titan is very developed, and is actually denser than Earth’s. Titan also contains opaque haze layers. These haze layers block almost all visible light from the sun.


Comet Impact on Saturn

Scientists believe that a comet that came into contact with Saturn millions of years ago may have caused the geysers and aqua life on Enceladus, one of Saturn’s moons.

“The goal of two of these flybys, in August and October, was to target specific places in the source regions of the jets," said Carolyn Porco of the Space Science Institute in Boulder, Colorado, and head of the Cassini imaging team.” The flybys help scientists get a closer look at what are thought to be stripes on the moon.



Current Explorations and Conclusion.

Scientists are currently focusing on finding out more about Titan, Saturn’s most developed moon. Scientists are excited to know further information on the possibility of life on Titan. They are working on trying to explain the unusually rapid rotation of Saturn and Titan. So, in conclusion, there is a strong possibility of life on Titan, unlike Saturn, and scientists believe that it is the most planet like moon


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